Kardan Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Ms. Fozia Humayun
Volume 1 Issue 1 | Jun 2018
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This research focuses on the central theme of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P); a newly coined international security and human rights principle that addresses the two layers of protection of human rights, i.e. national protection and in case of its failure, the international protection. R2P proclaims that in¬terests or an ideology should not be the paramount concern, instead, common humanity is the standard and it advocates for an obligation not to remain in¬different towards sufferings of other human beings. For the same reason, R2P is concerned with large scale of loss of life, ethnic cleansing and violations of human rights.
Since R2P is applicable in case of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and ethnic cleansing, it has been employed by the United Nations in response to crises in, inter alia, Darfur, Cote d’Ivoire, Kenya and Libya. In all these situations, the international community or the United Nations had to in¬tervene once the national protection had failed in protecting the people or when the State itself was perpetrating atrocities. The response to these crises was either diplomatic and peaceful or violent and coercive as will be elaborated in the proceeding sections of this work.