Kardan Journal of Economics and Management Sciences

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Factors Affecting Employee’s Performance: A Case of Kabul Based Government Employees

Mr. Qais Mohammadi

Volume 1 Issue 2 | Apr 2018

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Several studies are available on the impact of factors affecting employee performance; however, the
performance of employees in the government sector of Afghanistan has largely been ignored. This paper studies
literature on employees’ performance and develops a framework that illustrates the impact of employees’
participation, relations and job involvement on their performance. Based on Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of
Motivation, Hygiene job factors are essential for the existence of motivation at workplace. Hygiene factors are
necessary to maintain a reasonable level of satisfaction in employees, which are extrinsic and are related to the
job context (Grant, 2003). To test the model, this study uses 150 observations from different ministries based
in Kabul. The study found a positive and significant impact of employee participation, job involvement and
employee relations on the dependent variable (Employee Performance). This paper will help the government
sector managers, policy and decision makers to understand the most important and significant variables that
can affect the performance of employees. The study has used linear regression model to illustrate the impact of
independent variables, and has found out that employee relations, job involvement and employee participation
has a strong positive impact on the performance of the employees in the government sector.

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