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The Moderating Role of Internal Locus of Control in the Relationship between Environmental Management and Organization Citizenship Behavior towards Environment

Shahidullah Sahil, Habib Gul Zadran and Ahmad Nabi Nayel

Volume 5 Issue 4 | Dec 2022

DOI: 10.31841/KJEMS.2022.126

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Concerns about environmental protection have risen to prominence as a global issue in recent years, and leaders and intellectuals must consider how to address it, Customers, suppliers, the public, and the government all expect that Organizations take on more environmental obligations nowadays. Environmental management measures are expanding in response, Environmental concern arises from individuals' set of values of themselves, their families or communities, plants, or animals and we expect that it shows to be the biggest predictor of their tendency to engage in OCBE. Individuals are worried about the environment and are more likely to engage in an environmentally beneficial activity if they believe that any harm done to the environment would in turn harm them, their friends, families, or animals. As a result, customers, employees, and stakeholders are compelled to be ecologically friendly due to underlying values about the impact of their actions on the environment, their families, or future generations. This study suggests that employees who engage in environmentally friendly civic
activities out of a moral imperative may also engage in comparable behaviors as workers. As a result, we believe that people who are concerned about the environment are more likely to engage in OCBEs than people who are less concerned. Therefore, the moderating role of internal locus of control has been analyzed in this study in the relationship between EM and OCBE, the result shows that ILC significantly and positively affects OCBE, furthermore, ILC does not moderate the relationship between
EM and OCBE.
Keywords: Environmental management, Organization citizenship behavior, internal locus of control, social exchange theory, social learning theory.