Kardan Journal is dedicated and committed to following best practices on ethical matters, errors and restrictions. It is necessary to agree upon standards of expected ethical behaviour for all parties involved: authors, editors, and reviewers.

Our ethics statements are largely based on the guidelines and standards developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). All authors, editors, and reviewers should adhere to the standards set out below.

Responsibilities of Authors

  • By submitting a manuscript to KJEMS, the author(s) warrant that the manuscript is an original work and that it has neither been published previously nor is currently being considered for publication elsewhere.
  • Authors should acknowledge all sources of data used in the research and cite publications that have been influential in the research work.
  • Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the submitted manuscript. The corresponding author should ensure that all authors have agreed to its submission for publication.
  • Authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
  • Authors should promptly notify the editors for corrections when authors discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their published works.
  • Authors should ensure that any studies involving human or animal subjects conform to national, local, and institutional laws and requirements.

Responsibilities of Chief Editor

  • Editors have the ultimate responsibility for deciding if a manuscript submitted to the Kardan Journal of Economics and Management Sciences (KJEMS) should be published. Chief Editors' decisions to accept or reject a manuscript should be based on the peer-review result and editorial boards' reviews and the articles' importance.
  • Editors should evaluate each manuscript solely on its intellectual contents without regard to the race, color, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author(s).
  • Editors must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher.
  • Editors will not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript for their own research without the written consent of the author(s).

Responsibilities of Reviewers

  • Reviewers should conduct the review objectively and express their views clearly with supporting arguments. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate.
  • Reviewers must ensure that the authors have acknowledged all the sources of data used in the research. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation.
  • Reviewers must not disclose any information regarding the submitted manuscript. All manuscripts received for review are to be treated as privileged information.
  • Reviewers should notify the editors when they could not review the manuscript within the stipulated time or have a potential conflict of interest in performing the review. They should also not accept manuscript review assignments for which they feel unqualified.

Plagiarism Policy

Respecting intellectual property rights is a foundational principle of the KJEMS’s Codes of Ethics. Plagiarism, in which one misrepresents ideas, words, computer codes, or other creative expressions as one's own, is a clear violation of such ethical principles. Plagiarism can also represent a violation of copyright law, punishable by statute. Plagiarism manifests itself in a variety of forms, including:

  • Verbatim copying, near-verbatim copying, or purposely paraphrasing portions of another author's paper.
  • Copying elements of another author's paper, such as equations or illustrations that are not common knowledge, or copying or purposely paraphrasing sentences without citing the source.
  • Verbatim copying of portions of another author's paper with citing but not clearly differentiating what text has been copied (e.g., not applying quotation marks correctly) and/or not citing the source correctly.

Self-plagiarism is a related issue. In this document, we define self-plagiarism as the verbatim or near-verbatim reuse of significant portions of one's own copyrighted work without citing the original source. Note that self-plagiarism does not apply to publications based on the author's own previously copyrighted work (e.g., appearing in conference proceedings) where an explicit reference is made to the prior publication. Such reuse does not require quotation marks to delineate the reused text but does require that the source be cited.

Plagiarism can be said to have clearly occurred when large chunks of text have been cut-and-pasted. Such manuscripts would not be considered for publication in KJEMS. Plagiarism in any form, at any level, is unacceptable and is considered a serious breach of professional conduct, with potentially severe ethical and legal consequences. All authors are deemed to be individually and collectively responsible for the content of papers published by Kardan Journal.