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Factors Affecting Employee’s Performance: A Case of Kabul Based Government Employees

Mr. Qais Mohammadi

Volume 1 Issue 2 | Apr 2018

DOI: 10.31841/KJEMS.2021.85

Views: 3662

Total Downloads: 14

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Abstract

Several studies are available on the impact of factors affecting employee performance; however, the

performance of employees in the government sector of Afghanistan has largely been ignored. This paper studies

literature on employees’ performance and develops a framework that illustrates the impact of employees’

participation, relations and job involvement on their performance. Based on Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of

Motivation, Hygiene job factors are essential for the existence of motivation at workplace. Hygiene factors are

necessary to maintain a reasonable level of satisfaction in employees, which are extrinsic and are related to the

job context (Grant, 2003). To test the model, this study uses 150 observations from different ministries based

in Kabul. The study found a positive and significant impact of employee participation, job involvement and

employee relations on the dependent variable (Employee Performance). This paper will help the government

sector managers, policy and decision makers to understand the most important and significant variables that

can affect the performance of employees. The study has used linear regression model to illustrate the impact of

independent variables, and has found out that employee relations, job involvement and employee participation

has a strong positive impact on the performance of the employees in the government sector.