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Kardan Journal of Economics and Management Sciences

Kardan Journal of Economics and Management Sciences


Chief Editor Dr. Nassir Ul Haq Wani Kardan University, Kabul, Afghanistan
Managing Editor Mr. Aimal Mirza Kardan University, Kabul, Afghanistan

Kardan Journal of Economics & Management Sciences publishes theoretical, empirical and experimental papers that significantly contribute to the disciplines of Currency, Life marketing, Inflation, Stock Exchange, Exchange Rate, Investment, Marketing Management, Economics of Standards, Modern Inputs, Technological Change, Microfinance, etc. Using a wide range of research methods including statistical analysis, analytical work, case studies, field research, book reviews, literature surveys, historical analysis and articles examining significant research questions from a broad range of perspectives in Economics and Management Sciences body of knowledge are encouraged to be sent to KJEMS.
The journal includes a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises a peer review process for the submitted manuscripts for the quality of publishing. International Economics, International Business, Financial Economics, Hospitality Management, Industrial and Management Optimization, Innovation Policy and the Economy, Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Economic indicator, Total Quality Management (TQM), Value based Management, Entrepreneurial Development, Management in Education, Classical Economics, Monetary Neutrality, Econometrics, New Economy, Welfare Economics, Development Economics, Economic Transparency, Human Resource Management, Marketing, Supply and Logistics Management, Operations management and Research, Game theory etc.

The journal includes a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises a peer review process for the submitted manuscripts for the quality of publishing.

Chief Editor

Dr. Nassir Ul Haq Wani Kardan University, Kabul, Afghanistan

Managing Editor

Mr. Aimal Mirza Kardan University, Kabul, Afghanistan

Advisory Editorial Board

Dr. Jasdeep Kaur Dhami Professor and Director CT University, Punjab, India
Dr. Afzal Ur Rehman HoD, Department of Commerce, B.S Abdur Rehman Crescent University, Tamil Nadu, India
Dr. Bahaudin G Mujtaba Professor, Nova Southeastern University, Florida, USA
Dr. Veland Ramadani Assosciate Professor, South East European University, Tetovo, Republic of Macedonia
Dr. Makhmoor Bashir Assistant Professor, Indian Business School, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Dr.Neeru Sidana Assistant Professor, Lovely Professional University, Punjab, India
Dr. Subhendhu Dutta Assosciate Professor, Indian Business School, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Dr. TawheedNabi Baba Assistant Professor, Lovely Professional University, Punjab, India
Dr. Aijaz Ahmad Ex. Assistant Professor, Lovely Professional University, Punjab, India
Dr. Tazeem Ali Shah Lecturer, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Dr. Mohd Anuar bin Arshad Senior Lecturer, University Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
Prof. Murtaza Masud Niazi Kardan University, Kabul Afghanistan
Prof. Kaleemullah Bangash Kardan University, Kabul Afghanistan
Prof. Waqas Shinwari Kardan University, Kabul Afghanistan
Prof. Shahid Shams Kardan University, Kabul Afghanistan
Mr. Usman Ali Assistant Professor, Kardan University, Kabul Afghanistan

1. Manuscripts and all editorial correspondence should be submitted at: addressing the ‘Chief Editor’ or ‘Managing Editor’, Kardan Journal of Economics & Management Sciences.

Declaration of conflicting interests
KJEMS encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines.

Publication ethics
KJEMS is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page.

2. Articles should be written in MS Word, Times New Roman font, and should be submitted only in soft copy. Manuscripts should normally not exceed 7,000 words and should be submitted in duplicate with the cover page bearing only the title of the article, author/s’ names, designations, official addresses, phone/fax numbers, and email addresses. Author/s’ name should not appear on any other page. Commentaries on contemporary issues should not exceed 3000 words.
3. All articles must be accompanied by an abstract of 150–200 words and 4–6 keywords.
4. The JEL classification code for the articles should be included after Keywords.
5. Use British spellings in all cases rather than American spellings (hence, ‘programme’ not ‘program’, ‘labour’ not ‘labor’, and ‘centre’ and not ‘center’).
6. Use ‘z’ spellings instead of ‘s’ spellings. This means that words ending with ‘-ise’, ‘isation’, etc., will be spelt with ‘z’ (e.g., ‘recognize’, ‘organize’, ‘civilize’).
7. Use single quotes throughout. Double quotes only to be used within single quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed.
8. Quotations of 45 words or more should be separated from the text and indented with one space with a line space above and below.
9. Notes should be numbered serially and presented at the end of the article. Notes must contain more than a mere reference.
10. Use ‘twentieth century’, ‘1980s’. Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurements, use only figures (3 km, 9 per cent, not %). Use thousands and millions, not lakhs and crores.
11. Use of italics and diacriticals should be minimised, but used consistently.
12. Tables and figures to be indicated by numbers separately (see Table 1), not by placement (see Table below). Present each table and figure on a separate sheet of paper, gathering them together at the end of the article. All Figures and Tables should be cited in the text. Sources for figures and tables should be mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.
13. A consolidated listing of all books, articles, essays, theses and documents referred to (including any referred to in the tables, graphs and maps) should be provided at the end of the article. Guidelines specified in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th edition) must be followed.

Inverted names
In each reference, authors' names are inverted (last name first) for all authors (first, second or subsequent ones); give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work unless the work has more than six authors. If the work has more than six authors, list the first six authors and then use et al. after the sixth author's name.

Arrangement of references
Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.

Chronological listing
If you have more than one work by the same author(s), list them in order by the year of publication, starting with the earliest.

Sentence case
In references, follow sentence case for the titles of papers, books, articles, etc.

Title case
In references, Journal titles are put in title case.

Reference styles:

Book
Hochschild, A.R. (1983). The managed heart: Commercialization of human feeling. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Article in an edited book
Van Maanen, J., &Kunda, G. (1989). Real feelings: Emotional expression and organizational culture. In L.L. Cummings, & B.M. Staw (Eds), Research in organizational behavior (pp. 43–103). Greenwich CT: AI Press.

Conference Proceedings
Akaike, H. (1973).Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principle. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Information Theory (pp. 267–281). Budapest, Hungary: AkademiaiKiado.

Article from the web
Hort, L., Barrett, M., &Fullop, L. (2001).Doing hard labor: Gendered emotional labor in academic management. Retrieved from www.mngt.waikato.ac.nz/ejrot/cms conference/2001/Papers/Gender/Hort

Journal Article
Harris, L.C. (2002). The emotional labor of barristers: An exploration of emotional labor by status professionals. Journal of Management Studies, 39(4), 553–584.

14. The reference to other works should be provided in the text using citations written in the author-date method.

Author-date method
Follow the author-date method of in-text citation, e.g., (Morris, 2000).

Quotes
When directly quoting from a work, include the page number in the citation.

Citation styles
One Work by One Author: (Morris, 2000)

One Work by Multiple Authors: (Morris and Feldman, 2000)

One Work by Three or More Authors: (Morris et al., 2000)

Works with No Author: Cite the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year, for example, (‘Study Finds’, 1982).

Two or More Works by Different authors in One Citation: (Morris, 1980; Rafaeli, 1988; Sachs and Blackmore, 1998)

Two or More Works by the Same Author(s) in One Citation: (Sachs and Blackmore, 1998, 1999)

Two or More Works Published in the Same Year by the Same Author(s): (Morris, 1980a, 1980b, 1980c)

Authors with the Same Last Name: To prevent confusion, use first initials with the last names: (T.V. Rao, 2001; M.K. Rao, 1998).

Work discussed in secondary source: In the text, name the original work, and give a citation for the secondary source. For example, if Seidenberg and McClelland's work is cited in Coltheart et al. and you did not read the original work, list the Coltheart et al. reference in the References. In the text, use the following citation: In Seidenberg and McClelland's study (as cited in Coltheart, Curtis, Atkins, and Haller, 1993)....

15. Book reviews must have details like name of author/editor and book reviewed, place of publication and publisher, year of publication, number of pages and price.

Kardan Journal of Economics & Management Sciences –The paper submitted to the Journal will undergo peer review before acceptance for publication.

Authors will enjoy:

  • Rigorous peer review of research
  • Prompt publishing
  • Multidisciplinary audience
  • High visibility for global exposure
Submit manuscript at kjems@kardan.edu.af or send as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at

Download the Copyright Declaration Form from here

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